Essay 20377

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The main hypotheses that will be explored are:
• Specifically, which conditions and factors concerning the absence of a father are most influential in contributing to criminality
• What conditions need to exist once a father has become absent in order to deter a child from criminality
• Which of the three theories listed above offers the most convincing and effective argument of the extent to which absent fathers contribute to the criminality of their children

Methodology
This chapter will discuss the methodology used within this dissertation to gather information and evidence in an attempt to explore the link between absent fatherhood and criminality

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However, as this research attempts to decipher the link between absent fathers and the criminality of their children it is most likely that the father is absent due to the instability of a broken home and other factors such as divorce, imprisonment or simply a lack of contact with the child

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The effects of parental divorce on criminality
Although some parents may choose to maintain an intact household despite conflict many opt to divorce, as mentioned previously divorce rates have reached an all time high and Brown-Cheatham (1993, cited in Rodney and Mupier 1999) conclude that as a result of this approximately “50% of today’s children will spend at least part of their childhood in a single-parent female-headed household

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The effects of single parent households on criminality
Much literature appears to concur that “children who grow up in single parent households are more likely to be delinquent than their peers whose parents stay together” (Matsueda and Heimer, 1987, cited in Seltzer, 1994

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For example, much literature highlights the effects of a home with conflict where the father is still present as being more detrimental to the children than if the father was absent altogether

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Essentially it pulls away from the argument that criminality is a result of a disruption within the family household and dynamic and instead asserts that it is in fact the fault of a changing society which no longer values males and their involvement in child rearing but instead may serve to indirectly encourage single parent households

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However, Flouri and Buchanan (2002) concluded from their investigation into the relationship between fatherhood involvement in childhood and trouble with the police in adolescence that although it was reported that it was the mother who was more attentive and involved with the child they “found no evidence that father involvement is a more important predictor of juvenile delinquency than mother involvement

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The effects of intact homes with conflict on criminality
Although it is commonly believed that a two parent household is more effective than a single parent one we cannot always be sure of how successful a two parent household is in carrying out the role of raising non delinquent children

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ud500

Mar 26, 2009

effect of children without a father

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This dissertation endeavours to explore the link between absent fatherhood and the effects that this may have on the criminality of children

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When reviewing literature on the topic it is often difficult to be certain of how the father came to be absent in the first place which therefore offers no explanation as to how the researcher has interpreted the term “absent father